On the left bank of the Sutlej river, 40 kilometers from Rupnagar town, is situated Anandpur Sahib, the "abode of bliss". In the background is the Naina Devi range.The town of Anandpur Sahib was founded by Guru Teg Bahadur, the ninth Sikh Guru. The Guru had left Baba Bakala in the Amritsar district and purchased the land from the Raja of Bilaspur.
It was also at Anandpur Sahib that Kashmiri Pandits approached ninth Guru to save them from Mughals tyranny. Acceding their request on the motivation of Guru Gobind Singh Ji, Shri Guru Teg Bahadur Ji left for Delhi to make Supreme Sacrifice. At Anandpur Sahib Great tenth Guru of Sikhs Guru Gobind Singh Ji spent his early age. It was here that great Guru mastered the use of arms in Kila Anandgarh Sahib.
The most important of the complex of shrines at Anandpur Sahib is Gurudwara Keshgarh Sahib, which stands on the place where the "Khalsa" was born. It is regarded as one of the five sacred "Takhats" or seats of Sikh religion. In 1699, on the Baisakhi day (13th April), Tenth Master Guru Gobind Singh Ji created Khalsa by baptizing five beloved Sikhs known as "Panj Piaras".
The Holla Mohalla of Anandpur Sahib is an out standing festival of the Sikhs, which is celebrated with great pomp and show on the day following the Holi festival .
Guru Gobind Singh came to this town in 1674 when he was only eight years old and he spent about 25 years, the major part of his life in Anandpur Sahib. The town became the rallying point of his struggle against Mughal oppression and the surrounding areas, were scene of many a battle. It was here that the Guru introduced a new form of baptism and called baptised Sikhs as 'Khalsa' or the pure ones, giving them the common surname Singh (lion). The town has a number of Gurudwaras like Gurudwara Keshgarh Sahib, Gurudwara Manji Sahib, Gurudwara Sis Ganj, Gurudwara Bhora Sahib, Gurudwara Anandgarh Sahib and Gurudwara Mai Jito associated with the ninth and tenth Gurus of the Sikhs.
The famous Sri Dashmesh Academy and Guru Teg Bahadur Museum are also situated at Anandpur Sahib.
Situated on the banks of Sirhind Canal, Chamkaur Sahib is at a distance of 15 km from Morinda and 16 km from Rupnagar. Guru Gobind Singh and his two elder sons and 40 followers had come to this place from Kotla Nihang with his pursuers close on his heels.They came in the garden said to be of Raja Bidhi Chand, where now Gurudwara Damdama Sahib stands.There are several Gurudwaras at this place marking the vistis and halts of Guru Gobind Singh.
Gurudwara Katalgarh Sahib also known as Gurudwara Shahidganj. Occupies a unique place among all the Gurudwaras located at Chamkaur Sahib. It is built at the site where Baba Ajit Singh and Baba Jhujhar Singh, elder sons of Guru along with his 37 followers fell fighting against the Mughal Army.
Situated on the bank of river Sutlej, Kiratpur Sahib is at a distance of about 10 km from Anandpur Sahib towards the south, on the Nangal-Rupnagar-Chandigarh road. It is sacred to the Sikhs and they immerse the ashes of their dead at this place. It has a long association with most of the Sikh Gurus. Guru Nanak Dev is said to have visited this place when it was little more than a wilderness, Guru Hargobind, the sixth Guru spent the last few years of his life here. There are several Gurudwara at this place like Gurudwara Charan Kamal, Gurudwara Baba Gurditta, Tomb of Baba Buddan Shah, Gurudwara Bavangarh, Gurudwara Pata Puri and Gurudwara Shish Mahal.
Morinda is situated on the state highway connecting Chandigarh and Ludhiana and also on Sirhind -Nangal Railway line. It is a a distance of about 25 KMs from the district headquarters and 30 km from Chandigarh.
Morinda is an old town which is believed to trace its name from Mor Jats. With the lapse of time, it came to be known as Moran and then Morinda. It is also known as Baganwala (the place of Gardens), because of numerous gardens of mango trees in the area. Even though the mango growers have largely disappeared, many people of this area continue to call it Baganwala.
In the middle of the town centre is an ancient gumbad believed to be of the time of Aurangzeb. This is built of small bricks and has gates on all sides.
Gurudwara Shahid Ganj in Morinda was built in the memory of Baba Fateh Singh and Baba Zorawar Singh, the younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh.
First co-operative Sugar Mill was also set up at Morinda to consume the sugarcane, which is a major crop of the area.
Situated at the feet of the Shiwalik Hills, Nangal is at a distance of 60 km from Rupnagar, the district headquarters. The City is surrounded by beautiful environment of hills, river and canals and is an important center for tourists visiting the district.
It is divided into two parts, Nangal Township and Naya Nangal. The town was named Nangal by acquiring land of three villages viz. Nangal Nikku, Hambewal and Dubheta. It gained importance with the starting of the construction of Bhakra Dam on Satluj river in November, 1955. It is flourishing township of tourist attraction due to the mighty multi purpose Bhakra Project which includes apart from Bhakra Dam, the Nangal Dam, Nangal Hydel Channel, Ganguwal and Kotla Power Houses.
Towards the north stands the beautiful township called Naya Nangal which serves mainly Fertilizer Complex of National Fertilizers Limited (NFL), a public sector undertaking of Government of India. The Nangal Fertilizer and Heavy Water Factory located hee, started production in 1961 and is the single largest consumer of electricity from the Bhakra Power House.
Overlooking the Nangal like, Gurudwara Vibhour Sahib presents a majestic view. This Gurudwara is situated at a distance of 5 km from Nangal.Guru Gobind Singh is said to have mediated at this place.
There is a dharamshala known as Shri Balbahadur Mal Kuthiala Dharamshala situated on the bank of Satluj River, which provides free accommodation to the visitors. Inside it, there is a temple of Lakshmi Narain which is run by the Sanatan Dharam Sabha, Nangal Township.
Suitable facilities have been provided in various rest houses for the boarding and lodging of visitors. Punjab Tourism Development Corporation runs a Tourist Bungalow known as Kabamba.
At a distance of 4 km from Nangal Township is a temple of Shiva, known as 'Shiv Ashram' situated on the outskirts of village Mojowal on the Nangal-Bhallan road. This Ashram was founded by Swami Giangiri who first lived in a small hut near the bank of river Satluj. There are a free Ayurvedic dispensary and a dental clinic in the Ashram. Fairs are held on Shivratri, Nirjale Ekadashi Vyas Puja every year.
Rupnagar city also has the status of district headquarters with the creation of Rupnagar District on Ist Nov, 1966. Situated on the bank of river Satluj, Sirhind canal passes through the heart of the city. It was formerly known as Ropar.
The town of Rupnagar occupies a prominent place in the ancient and medieval history and has an importance in modern history too. Recent excavations suggest that Rupnagar was one of the oldest towns in the Punjab. The relics excavated from a mound, known as Nalagarh Tibbi near the Government College reveal that the town had flourished in the past with a very advanced civilization similar to Harappa and Mohenjodaro Civilization.
The small city of Rupnagar occupies a prominent place in the modern history also. It was here under a "Peepal Tree" that a memorable meeting between Maharaja Ranjit Singh and Lord William Bentick took place on 26th October, 1831 during which various boundary issues were settled.
Near the Ropar Headworks there is a Tourist Bungalow and Boating Complex known as Pincassia, run by Punjab Tourism Development Corporation. The complex provides boarding and lodging facilities to the visitors and has a restaurant and beer bar.
Almost all the district offices which were scattered in different parts of the town have been concentrated in a single building known as 'Mini Secretariat'.
The city has many worth seeing sites in and around it, such as Head Works, Pincassia Boat Club, Treaty Place of Maharaja Ranjit Singh and Lord William Bentick, Site of Indus Valley Civilization, Maharaja Ranjit Singh Bagh, Gurudwara Bhatha Sahib and Gurudwara Sadabarat.