Nangal

Nangal is a city and has a Municipal Council in Rupnagar district in the India state of PUNJAB
On the bank of Satluj is situated a small but beautiful township Naya Nangal where employees of the National Fertilizer Limited (NFL) live. Near to Nangal Dam there is a historic temple of SRI BABA UDHO JI MAHARAJ (Village Kathera), where on every Sunday LANGAR is organised by the individual people for poor people.

Nangal Lake

Geography

Nangal is nestled among Shivalik hills and spread over both sides of river Sutlej which here forms a beautiful lake, formed due to construction of Nangal dam.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census Nangal had a population of 40,644. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Nangal has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 74%. In Nangal, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

History

Name Nangal came from the name of village Nangal Nikku. Present Nangal is situated on the land of ancient villages Nangal Nikku,Hambewal and Dubheta the land aquired from these small vilaages in November 1955 when the construction planned of Bhakra Dam on the Sutlej River.

Migratory Birds at the River

It is a flourishing township at the foot of the Shiwalik Hills, a chain of the Himalayas. Every year, the mighty multi-purpose Bhakra Project which includes, apart from the Bhakra Dam, the Nangal Dam, the Nangal Hydel Channel, and the Ganguwal and Kotla Power Houses surrounded with the natural beauty attracts the vast number of tourists from all parts of India and abroad as well. There are several markets in it, namely Jawahar Market, Main Market, Adda Market, GTB Market & Pahari Market. The residential areas of the city are organized into a block system. Each block has a fixed number of apartments known as Quarters. The second form of residential area, which is a private residential area, is the proprietary owned by the public. The well organized government colonies give a harmonized view to the newcomers visiting the city.

The town is divided into two parts: Nangal Township and Naya Nangal Township. Nangal Township is blessed with great scenic beauty which is further enhanced by the fact that it is surrounded by water on three sides and foothills of shivaliks on the fourth side. Naya Nangal serves mainly as a fertilizer complex of National Fertilizers Limited (NFL), a public sector undertaking of the Government of India. The Nangal Fertilizer and Heavy Water Factory located here started production in 1961 and were the single largest consumer of electricity from the Bhakra Power House till some years ago. The Heavy Water Plant was shut down later primarily due to national security considerations. Besides this there is a chemical factory named as Punjab Alkalies and Chemicals Limited, Naya Nangal. These two factories have given rise to some more small factories in their vicinity. Due to presence of NFL & PACL, Nangal is proud to have biggest Truck and Tanker Unions in India. A new modern avenue i.e. residential colony has been set up by Punjab Small Scale & Export Corp. at Focal Point, Naya Nangal, with all the modern amenities.

A View of Satluj Sadan Nangal

Attractions

Nangal is the city of nature with greenery, lakes and full of nature. Towering above Nangal on a hill is located Julfa Mata Temple. Overlooking Nangal is the Gurudwara Vibhour Sahib, a Sikh place of worship. This Gurudwara, located 5 km from Nangal, presents a majestic view. Guru Gobind Singh is said to have mediated at this spot. Prachin Temple and 1008 Swami Sevanand Giri Maharaj Ashram and are also here. There is Gurdwara Dhan Dhan Baba Buddha (Budha) Sahib Ji at Village Barari, Jawahar Market, Nangal Town Ship. Here Simran & Nitnem is done daily early in the morning i.e. 2 am to 4 am.

Jafla Mata Mandir

Located 4 km from Nangal Township is a temple of Shiva, known as 'Shiv Ashram' situated on the outskirts of the village Mojowal on the Nangal-Bhallan road. This Ashram was founded by Swami Giangiri who is said to have first lived in a small hut near the bank of the Satluj River. There is a free Ayurvedic dispensary as well as a dental clinic in the Ashram. Fairs are held on Maha Shivratri, Nirjale Ekadashi Vyas Puja every year.


There are many Dharamshala viz. Shri Balibhadra Mal Kuthiala Dharamshala situated on the bank of the Satluj River, Pohlo Ram ki Sarai, Karta Ram Dharamshala and Gita Devi Dharamshala, etc. which freely allows visitors. There is a temple of Lakshmi Narain which is run by the Sanatan Dharam Sabha, Nangal Township. A vivid example of secularism is the existence of Lakshmi- Narain Temple and historical Gurudwara Ghat Sahib with a common wall. The Gurudwara also houses a school on its campus.

Bhakra Sadan Nangal

There is a Glass house located at the Historical Satluj Sadan at Nangal where Panchsheel was discussed between Pt. Neharu and Chinese PM Chau e.

Glass house, Satluj Sadan Nangal

Accommodations

Suitable facilities have been provided in various rest houses for the boarding and lodging of visitors.

People

Nangal people are brave educated and very hardworker. Nangal is still growing with population around 40,644+.

There are many heroes came from Nangal. Captain Amol Kalia the brave hero of India who laid down his life fighting Pakistani intruders in Kargil in 1999. He was posthmously awarded shaurya chakra. School where he did his high school is named after him as Captain Amol Kalia Fertilizer Model School.
The town is divided into two parts: Nangal Township and Naya Nangal Township. Naya Nangal serves mainly as a fertilizer complex of National Fertilizers Limited (NFL).

Tahliwal is another emerging Industrial Area in the vicinity of Nangal. Several small scale industries have been set up and the numbers are still increasing. International Tractors Limited, Hoshiarpur, in collaboration with Renault, France are setting up a jeep production unit at Tahliwal, which will further boost the industrial presence of this small city.

 

Gurudwara Bhabore Sahib

Gurdwara Bhabore Sahib is situated on the right bank of the river Sutlej, just opposite the Sutlej Sadan of Bhakra Beas Management Board. Here Guru Gobind Singh Ji stayed for about a year and composed hymns in praise of Almighty God.

The pilgrims have to cross Sutlej river across the Nangal Dam to reach Naya Nangal Township, adjoining which Gurdwara Bhabore Sahib is situated. Besides, there is National Fertilizers Ltd. factory here, set up by the Government of India.

A View of Gurudwara Bhabour Sahib Nangal

For pilgrims and tourists, anxious to visit Sikh shrines in the Nangal area there are excellent facilities of road travel. It is also connected by rail with Delhi, Amritsar and other parts of India. Nearest Airport is at Chandigarh. From Chandigarh buses and taxies are available for travel to Nangal and Bhakra Dam. It is only three hour drive from Chandigarh to Nangal. Most of the people who come on pilgrimage to shrines also visit Bhakra Dam, marvel of civil engineering and one of the grandest achievements of the young nation. Behind this Dam extends the Gobind Sagar lake, the impounded waters of the Sutlej in an area of 60 square miles. The lake perpetuates the memory of the Guru Gobind Singh who fought many pitched battles in its neighbourhood against hill Rajas and Mughal forces. The whole area is dotted with famous shrines of Anandpur Sahib, Kiratpur, Parvar Vichhora, Ghat Sahib and Vibhore Sahib. Bhakra Nangal Dam popularly known as modern temple of India has many historical shrines associated with the rich cultural heritage of the Sikhs.


A few kilometres away from Gurudwara Shri Bhabore Sahib is Gurudwara Shri Nanaksar. On the 7th of each month there is a well attended function in the Gurudwara Sahib.